Annual data compiled by the European Environmental Agency (EEA) and submitted to the UNFCCC on the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions usually leave out emissions from international shipping and aviation (so-called “bunkers”). To complement the 2008 data, the European sustainable transportation NGO Transport & Environment (T&E) wrote a short report which includes shipping and aviation figures and aims at clarifying the actual contribution of the transport sector to the EU’s CO2 emissions.
The analysis concluded that between 1990 and 2008, transport emissions increased by 34% while emissions from other sectors decreased by 14%. Compared with 2007, transport emissions in 2008 decreased by 1.6% and those of other sectors by 2.2%. As a consequence, the share of transport in total emissions rose further from 28 to 29%; in 1990 the share of transport was 21%.
Emissions from international aviation and shipping (both outside Kyoto) have risen by 110% and 56% respectively. Emissions from aviation were unchanged in 2008, those of shipping dropped by 2.1% compared with 2007.
In 1990, aviation and shipping accounted for 3.8% and 18% respectively of total transport CO2 emissions. In 2008, those levels were 7.0% and 24%, respectively.